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Lancaster House conference

Lancaster House conference, series of three meetings (1960, 1962, 1963) in which Kenya's constitutional framework and independence were negotiated. In 1960 lack of agreement led Colonial Secretary McLeod to issue an interim constitution. In 1962 a framework for self-government was negotiated, and the 1963 conference in London finalized constitutional arrangements for Kenya's independence as a dominion. The constitution included entrenched provisions for citizenship, fundamental rights, and composition of the bicameral legislature.

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Lancaster, House of

Lancaster, House of English royal dynasty. The first Earl of Lancaster was Edmund ‘Crouchback’ (1245–96), son of Henry III. In 1361, the Lancastrian title and lands passed to John of Gaunt via his wife. In 1399, their son was crowned Henry IV. During the Wars of the Roses in the 15th century, the rival royal houses of Lancaster and York, both Plantagenets, contended for the throne.

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