Skip to main content

Toussaint LOuverture, Pierre Dominique

Toussaint L'Ouverture, Pierre Dominique (1744–1803) Haitian revolutionary leader. In 1790, he took part in the slave revolt in Haiti, joined the Spaniards when they attacked the French in 1793, but fought for the French (1794) when they promised to abolish slavery. By 1801, Toussaint had gained control of virtually the whole island of Hispaniola. In 1802, Napoleon sought to restore French control. Toussaint was forced to surrender and died a prisoner in France. Haiti finally achieved independence in 1804.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Toussaint LOuverture, Pierre Dominique." World Encyclopedia. . 22 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Toussaint LOuverture, Pierre Dominique." World Encyclopedia. . (April 22, 2019).

"Toussaint LOuverture, Pierre Dominique." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved April 22, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.