Tout, Thomas Frederick

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Thomas Frederick Tout (tout), 1855–1929, English historian. Educated at Oxford, he taught at the Univ. of Manchester from 1890 to 1925. Considered an outstanding authority on medieval history, Tout emphasized the importance of the administrative aspect of historical development. His writings include The Empire and the Papacy (1898) and Chapters in the Administrative History of Medieval England (6 vol., 1920–33).