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Suhrawardi, as- (1155–91) Islamic philosopher and theologian, b. Iran. He was the founder of the Ishraqi (Illuminationist) school of thought, which embraced elements of orphism, Hellenism, Zoroastrianism, Sufism, and Shi'ite Islam. His thinking is still in evidence among Iranian mystical sects, such as the Nuyah. His principal work is Kitab Hikmat al-ishraq (The Wisdom of Illumination). He was put to death by Malikaz-Zahir, the son of Saladin.