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Winde, William

Winde, William (c.1640–1722). English architect, soldier, and military engineer. He appears to have been trained by Gerbier, and succeeded the latter as architect at Hampstead Marshall, Berkshire (c.1663–c.1688), when Gerbier died. With Hooke, May, Pratt, and Talman, Winde was one of the most important country-house architects working in England in the later part of C17. He rebuilt Combe Abbey, Warwicks. (1682–8), drawing on Pratt's work, and probably designed part of Dingley Hall, Northants. (c.1684–8), and Belton House, Lincs. (1685–8). He may also have carried out works at Cliveden House, Bucks. (c.1676–8), and Buckingham House, St James's, London (1702–5—swallowed up within Buckingham Palace), both of which had balustraded Attics instead of steeply pitched roofs. Buckingham House, with its colonnaded quadrants and wings, was an influential design, and was the prototype for a formula applied to many C18 country-houses.

Bibliography

AH, xxvii (1984), 150–62;
Colvin (1995);
Summerson (ed.) (1993)

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