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Gerbier, Sir Balthazar

Gerbier, Sir Balthazar (1592–1663). Born in Middelburg, Netherlands, he was descended from French Huguenots, and settled in England in 1616, becoming naturalized in 1629. He became adviser to George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham (1592–1628), for whom he carried out extensive alterations at York House, Strand, London, and New Hall, Essex, in 1624–5 (both destroyed). The Water Gate on Embankment Gardens, London (1626–7— formerly at York House, and derived from the Fontaine des Médicis, Luxembourg Palace, Paris), has been attributed to him, but Jones and Nicholas Stone also have claims-to its authorship. Gerbier appears to have been responsible for introducing Netherlandish Baroque and Mannerist themes to England, but these were somewhat overshadowed by the Palladianism of Inigo Jones. He published A Brief Discourse concerning the Three Chief Principles of Magnificent Building (1662) and Counsel and Advise to All Builders (1663). The large Jacobean house at Hampstead Marshall, Berks. (started 1662, and completed in 1688 by William Winde), was remodelled by him (destroyed).

Bibliography

Colvin (1995);
Croft-Murray & and Hulton (1960);
Summerson (ed.) (1993);
H. Williamson (1949)

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