Vorarlberg School

Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article Share Article
views updated

Vorarlberg School. Term describing several families of architects, stuccoers, painters, and craftsmen, all related, in the Vorarlberg of Austria, west of the Tyrol towards the Bodensee (Lake Constance). The main families were the Beers, Moosbruggers, and Thumbs, and they made an enormous contribution to late-C17 and C18 Baroque architecture in South Germany and Switzerland. The main general characteristics of churches by the Vorarlberg School were longitudinal plans, often with centralized spaces associated with the transepts, the Wandpfeiler arrangement, vestigial ‘aisles’ the same height as the nave set between wall-piers (as in medieval Hallenkirchen (hall-churches)), nave-arcades almost as high as the vaults, galleries between the piers (often with significant elements placed to draw the eye towards the high-altar), slight transeptal projections, choirs narrower than naves, twin-towered façades, and decoration subordinated to the architecture.

Bibliography

Bourke (1962);
Lewis & and Darley (1976);
Oechslin (1973);
C. Powell (1959)