Skip to main content

Ramsey, William de

Ramsey, William de (fl. 1323–d. 1349). English master-mason. He worked at Norwich Cathedral on the cloisters under John de Ramsey in the 1320s, and probably on St Ethelbert's Chapel over the gate to the precincts. However, he is of major importance for his work in London, where in 1323 he was employed at St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster, and from 1326 to 1331 he was Visiting Master (i.e. consultant) at Norwich Cathedral. By 1332 he was Master-Mason at St Paul's Cathedral, London, where he worked on the chapter-house and cloister. In 1335 he was a member of a four-mason Commission charged with reporting on the fabric of the Tower of London, and in 1336 he was appointed Chief Mason at the Tower and Chief Surveyor of the King's Works in the Tower and other castles south of the River Trent for life. In 1337 he was consulted about the works at Lichfield Cathedral, Staffs., where the presbytery was being built, and in the same year was put in charge of building at St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster. He was probably involved in the design of the Hall and other buildings at Penshurst, Kent (1341–8).

Ramsey is of great importance in the evolution of the Perpendicular style of Gothic, for surviving illustrations and fragments of masonry suggest that the chapter-house at St Paul's (destroyed) was in that style, which first emerged there and at St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster. He was therefore probably one of the inventors of that style, and, if so, he was one of the most influential architects England ever produced.

Bibliography

J. Harvey (1987)

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Ramsey, William de." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 11 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Ramsey, William de." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 11, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/ramsey-william-de

"Ramsey, William de." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved December 11, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/ramsey-william-de

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.