Marot, Daniel

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Marot, Daniel (1661–1752). Son of Jean Marot (c.1619–79—who produced L'Architecture Française (known as Grand Marotc.1670) and Recueils des plans (known as Petit Marotc.1654–60), both of which show plans, elevations, and sections of the most important buildings in Paris and its environs), he was born in Paris, but fled to The Netherlands after the Revocation (1685) of the Edict of Nantes (1598) of the reign of King Henri IV (1589–1610) that had guaranteed the rights and citizenship of French Protestants (Huguenots). He introduced the Baroque Louis Quatorze style to England and The Netherlands. His engravings, published as Livre d'Ornemens, Nouveau Livre de Placfond, and Livre d'Appartement over some 15 years from 1687, and subsequently collected as Œuvres du Sieur D. Marot (1703, 1713, and later), are a complete record of the Louis Quatorze style. His work was influential in The Netherlands, Germany, Austria, Denmark, Sweden, and England.

Marot settled in The Hague and collaborated with the Leiden architect Jacob Roman on the design of William and Mary's palace and garden, Het Loo, near Apeldoorn in the 1690s, and remodelled the audience-chamber in the Binnenhof, The Hague (1695–8). He accompanied William and Mary to England in 1688, where he appears to have designed part of the gardens (Grand Parterre) and perhaps some of the interiors at Hampton Court Palace, Mddx. (1689–98) but his precise role is unclear. His name has been associated with work at Boughton House, Northants, Montagu House, London, and Petworth House, Sussex (all c.1689–96), while Schomberg House, Pall Mall, London (c.1698), appears to owe much to his style, although documentary evidence is lacking. He enlarged Huis ten Bosch, near The Hague (1734–9), and built the Huis Schuylenburch (1715), Huis Wassenaer-Obdam (1716–17), a new wing of the Stadhuis (Town Hall) (1734–5), and Huis Huguetan (1734–7), all in The Hague. He was assisted for many years by his son, Daniel Marot the Younger (1695–1769).

Bibliography

Jessen (1892);
Kuyper (1980);
Mauban (1944);
Ozinga (1939);
Placzek (ed.) (1982);
Rosenberg Slive, & and Ter Kuile (1977);
Thornton (1984)