Skip to main content

Karmi Family

Karmi Family. Israeli architects. Dov Karmi (1905–62) set up his practice in Tel Aviv in 1936, and built a number of residential buildings influenced by Le Corbusier (with brisessoleil, pilotis, etc). He did much to promote Modernism in Israel, and designed the Histadrut HQ, Tel Aviv (1950–6), and the Knesset (Parliament) Building, Jerusalem (1955–66— with Joseph Klarwein (1893–1970) ). His son, Ram (1931– ), with Z. Melzer, joined Dov Karmi's firm in 1956, and a number of buildings followed, featuring exposed reinforced concrete and natural timber (an example is the El Al office, Tel Aviv (1962–3) ). Dov Karmi's daughter, Ada Karmi-Melamede (1936– ) joined the firm (called Karmi Associates) in 1964. Buildings such as the Hadar Dafna offices (1964–8) and the Lady Davies Amal Technical School (1970–4), both in Tel Aviv, display the influence of the Brutalism with which Ram Karmi had been influenced during his studies in London. However, the firm's Israel Supreme Court Building, Jerusalem (1986–93), with its walls pierced by rectangular and arched openings, and its water-features recalling those of the Alhambra, Granada, and of Schinkel at Charlottenhof, Potsdam, returned to traditional monumental architecture based on Classical geometries.


Kalman (1994);
Jane Turner (1996)

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Karmi Family." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . 20 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Karmi Family." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . (April 20, 2019).

"Karmi Family." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved April 20, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.