Skip to main content

Bourgeau, Victor

Bourgeau, Victor (1809–88). French-Canadian Diocesan Architect of Montreal, he carried out major renovations to the Church of Notre Dame (1872–80) to create a more convincing Gothic Revival interior. This was only one of some of his 23 remodellings of existing churches. In addition he designed over 20 new churches, of which his grandest in the Gothic Revival style is St-Pierre-Apôtre, Montreal (1851–3). Subsequently, his designs became less Gothic, possibly because of the enthusiastic reception of that style by the English Protestant Canadians. His Church of St-Barthélémy, Berthier, Quebec (1866–7), for example, was Classical, with a twin-towered western façade recalling the work of Thomas Baillargé. In 1854 Montreal Cathedral was destroyed by fire, and the Bishop conceived the idea of building a version of the basilica of San Pietro, Rome, to replace it. Accordingly, Bourgeau was sent to Europe to study various churches, but returned after only a week in Rome, convinced that a reproduction of the great Roman church would be a mistake. The Bishop then appointed Father Joseph Michaud (1823–1902) to design the replica and construction began in 1870. However, Michaud's lack of expertise led to Bourgeau being reappointed as architect, and the Cathedral-Basilica of Saint-Jacques-le-Majeur (now Marie-Reine-de-la-Monde) was completed in 1894, partly under the direction of Étienne-Alcibiade Leprohon (fl. 1870–99) in the latter stages.


Kalman (1994)

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Bourgeau, Victor." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . 24 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Bourgeau, Victor." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . (April 24, 2019).

"Bourgeau, Victor." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved April 24, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.