Skip to main content

Banham, Peter Reyner

Banham, Peter Reyner (1922–88). British architectural critic, historian, and polemicist. He was a promoter and chronicler of New Brutalism and the Machine Aesthetic in Architectural Review and elsewhere, and he quickly became recognized as an influential observer of contemporary architecture and design. His Theory and Design in the First Machine Age (1960) was a reassessment of the history of the Modern Movement: it was followed by The New Brutalism (1966), The Architecture of the Well-Tempered Environment (1969—in which he described architecture determined by its mechanical services), Los Angeles: The Architecture of Four Ecologies (1971), Age of the Masters (1975), and Megastructure (1976). He left the Bartlett School of Architecture, University College London (where he had a Personal Chair), in 1976 to take up academic posts in the USA, after which he published Scenes in America Deserta (1982) and enthusiastic interpretations of American life and urban developments. He was a prolific writer contributing to New Society and many other journals, and was vitriolic about the retreat from the Modern Movement known as Neo-Liberty in Italy, which he described as ‘infantile regression’. Believing that the design of a machine, such as a refrigerator, could be subjected to the same processes of research and analysis as any building, or painting, he combined meticulous attention to source-material (learned from his mentor Pevsner) with his ability to look at problems from new positions. However, by the beginning of C21, many of his judgements and opinions seemed somewhat outmoded, perhaps because of his ardour for what was new, trendy, populist, fashionable, and supposedly futuristic in the 1960s and 1970s.

Bibliography

Anno Domini, xxx/9 (1960), 375–6;
Arkansas, cxxv/747 (April 1959), 231–5, and cxxvi/754 (Dec. 1959), 341–4;
M. Banham et al. (eds.) (1997);
R. Banham (1959, 1960, 1966, 1971, 1975, 1976, 1994);
ODNB (2004);
S. Richardson (1987a);
Whiteley (2002)

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Banham, Peter Reyner." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Aug. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Banham, Peter Reyner." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 15, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/banham-peter-reyner

"Banham, Peter Reyner." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved August 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/banham-peter-reyner

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.