1. Black or chocolate-brown limestone impregnated with bitumen or natural pitch. Fine grit is added and incorporated at high temperatures, and the result cast into blocks. When reheated, the asphalt can be used as an impervious barrier to water, so is used as a damp-proof course and as a covering for ‘flat’ roofs.
2. Artificial asphalt is an inferior substitute, a mixture of tar with aggregates (such as sand and gravel) and pitch, unsuitable for waterproofing, but useful as a finish to road surfaces and walk-ways.
W. McKay (1957)
"asphalt(e)." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 16, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/asphalte
"asphalt(e)." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved October 16, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/asphalte
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.