Skip to main content
Select Source:

Arctic sea smoke

Arctic sea smoke(frost smoke) Fog that appears in very cold air from the Arctic ice or frozen-land regions, when it comes over the warmer water of open parts of the Arctic Ocean. The rapid heating induces convection currents which rise in the air: these carry moisture upwards from the water surface, and this becomes visible as the moisture quickly condenses again in the very cold surrounding air. Thus a fog of rising columns of condensing water vapour is formed. The fog is usually fairly shallow, wispy, and smoke-like. This, and its common occurrence in coastal seas around cold land masses (e.g. Labrador, Greenland, and Norway), gave rise to the name. Similar steam fogs may be seen in winter over the open water of rivers when the air is 10°C or more colder than the water.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Arctic sea smoke." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Feb. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Arctic sea smoke." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 22, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/arctic-sea-smoke-0

"Arctic sea smoke." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Retrieved February 22, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/arctic-sea-smoke-0

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.

arctic sea smoke

arctic sea smoke (frost smoke) Fog appearing in very cold air from the arctic-ice or frozen-land regions, when it comes over the warmer water of open parts of the Arctic Ocean. The rapid heating induces convection currents which rise in the air: these carry moisture upwards from the water surface, and this becomes visible as the moisture quickly condenses again in the very cold surrounding air. Thus a fog of rising columns of condensing water vapour is formed. The fog is usually fairly shallow, wispy, and smoke like. This, and its common occurrence in coastal seas around cold land masses (e.g. Labrador, Greenland, and Norway), gave rise to the name. Similar steam fogs may be seen in winter over the open water of rivers when the air is 10°C or more colder than the water.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"arctic sea smoke." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Feb. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"arctic sea smoke." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 22, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/arctic-sea-smoke

"arctic sea smoke." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Retrieved February 22, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/arctic-sea-smoke

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.