Vachon, John 1914-1975
VACHON, John 1914-1975
PERSONAL: Born May 19, 1914, in St. Paul, MN; died April 20, 1975, in New York, NY; married; wife's name, Penny (deceased); married Françoise Fourestier; children: (first marriage) Brian, Ann, Gail; (second marriage) Christine, Michael. Education: St. Thomas College, B.A., 1934.
CAREER: Farm Security Administration, Washington, DC, assistant messenger, 1936-37, junior file clerk, unofficial photographer, 1937-40, junior photographer, 1940-42; Office of War Information, Washington, DC, photographer, 1942-43; Standard Oil Company, NJ, photographer, 1943; Jersey Standard, NJ, 1945-47; Life, New York, NY, staff photographer, 1947-48; Look, New York, NY, staff photographer, 1948-71; freelance photographer, New York, NY, 1971-75. Minneapolis Art Institute, visiting lecturer in photography, 1975. Exhibitions: Work included in permanent collections at New York Public Library, New York, NY; Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY; International Museum of Photography, George Eastman House, Rochester, NY; Library of Congress, Washington, DC; Minneapolis Art Institute, Minneapolis, MN. Individual exhibition at Imageworks, Cambridge, MA, 1972. Military service: U.S. Army, 1943-45.
AWARDS, HONORS: Guggenheim fellowship, 1973.
(With Arthur Rothstein and Roy Stryker) Just before the War: Urban America from 1935 to 1941 as Seen by Photographers of the Farm Security Administration, introduction by Thomas Garver, [Boston, MA], 1968.
John Vachon Memorial Portfolio, [New York, NY], 1977.
SIDELIGHTS: John Vachon first became interested in photography while working as an assistant messenger for the Farm Security Administration (FSA) under Roy Stryker. Stryker gave him a chance to become a photographer for the FSA, a profession Vachon had no experience in. Vachon first tried to copy the style of Walker Evans, but in 1941 he developed his own style while photographing the western United States for the FSA. Vachon later became a photographer for Life and then Look, but he remains most known for the photographs he took for the FSA.
BIOGRAPHICAL AND CRITICAL SOURCES:
Contemporary Photographers, 3rd edition, St. James Press (Detroit, MI), 1996.*
"Vachon, John 1914-1975." Contemporary Authors. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 13, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/vachon-john-1914-1975
"Vachon, John 1914-1975." Contemporary Authors. . Retrieved November 13, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/vachon-john-1914-1975
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.