Gabbard, Glen O(wens) 1949-
GABBARD, Glen O(wens) 1949-
PERSONAL: Born August 8, 1949, in Charleston, IL; son of Earnest Glendon (an actor) and Lucina Mildred (an actress; maiden name, Paquet) Gabbard; married Joyce Eileen Davidson (a psychiatrist), June 14, 1985; children: Matthew, Abigail, Amanda, Allison. Education: Eastern Illinois University, B.S., 1972; Rush Medical College, M.D., 1975; postdoctoral study at Karl Menninger School of Psychiatry, 1975-78, and Topeka Institute of Psychoanalysis, 1977-84.
ADDRESSES: Home—1290 Jimmy Phillips Blvd., Angleton, TX 77515. Offıce—Department of Psychiatry, Baylor College of Medicine, MS 350, One Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030.
CAREER: Psychiatrist, writer. Kansas Correctional Vocational Training Center, Topeka, penal physician and psychiatric consultant, 1976-82; C. F. Menninger Memorial Hospital, Topeka, staff psychiatrist, 1978-83, section chief, 1984-89, director, 1989-94, vice president for adult services at the Menninger Clinic, 1991-94; Topeka Institute for Psychoanalysis, instructor, 1981-89, training and supervising analyst, 1989-2001; Karl Menninger School of Psychiatry, J. Cotter Hirschberg Professorship in Clinical Psychology, 1986-87, Karl and Mona Malden Professorship, 1993-94, Bessie Walker Callaway Distinguished Professor of Psychoanalysis and Education, 1994-2001; Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, professor of psychiatry, 2001—. University of Kansas School of Medicine, professor of clinical psychiatry, 1991-2001; Distinguished visiting professor, Wilford Hall Air Force Hospital, San Antonio, TX, 1991, University of Hawaii, 1993; Hall Mercer visiting scholar, Pennsylvania Hospital, 1992; William Orr lecturer, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 1992; Distinguished visiting scholar, Beth Israel Medical Center, 1993; visiting professor, Hershey Medical Center, Penn State College of Medicine, 1993; Ben Weisel lecturer, Hartford Hospital, 1994; G. Henry Katz visiting professor, Institute of the Pennsylvania, 1994; Serota lecturer, San Diego Psychoanalytic Institute, 1994; visiting scholar, Southern California Psychoanalytic Institute, 1994; Jacob E. Finesinger visiting professor, University of Maryland, 1995; Prager visiting professor and lecturer in psychoanalytic psychiatry, George Washington University, 1995; Windholz lecturer, San Francisco Psychoanalytic Institute, 1995. Affiliated with organizations that include the Committee on the Practice of Psychotherapy and Forum for the Psychoanalytic Study of Film.
MEMBER: International Association for Near-Death Studies, International Psycho-Analytic Association, Academia, Medicina and Psychiatria Foundation, American Association for the Advancement of Science, American College of Psychiatrists, American College of Psychoanalysts, American Medical Association, American Psychiatric Association; American Psychoanalytic Association, American Society of Psychoanalytic Physicians, Benjamin Rush Society, Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry, Society for Psychotherapy Research, Central Neuropsychiatric Hospital Association (president, 1992), Kansas Medical Society, Shawnee County Medical Society, Topeka Psychoanalytic Society (president, 1991-93), Sigma Xi, Alpha Omega Alpha.
AWARDS, HONORS: Falk fellow, American Psychiatric Association, 1976; Topeka Institute for Psychoanalysis Publications award, 1978, 1982, 1986; Wood-Prince Award, 1980, 1983, 1984, 1985; named one of the Outstanding Young Men in America, U.S. Jaycees, 1984; Edward Hoedemaker award, Seattle Psychoanalytic Society, 1986, for article "The Treatment of the 'Special' Patient in a Psychoanalytic Hospital"; named Menninger Foundation Distinguished Clinical Researcher, 1987; Alumni award for scientific writing, Karl Menninger School of Psychiatry and Mental Health Sciences, 1989; William C. Menninger Teacher of the Year award, 1989 and 1990; Wolfe Adler award, Sheppard and Pratt Hospital, 1991; I. Arthur Marshall Distinguished Alumnus award, 1992; Teacher of the Year award, Psychiatric Times, 1992; Sigmund Freud award, American Society of Psychoanalytic Physicians, 1992; Edward A. Strecker award, American Psychiatric Association, 1994; Menninger professional writing award, Menninger Alumni Association, 1994; distinguished alumnus award, Eastern Illinois University, 1994; C. Charles Burlingame award, 1997; Mary S. Sigourney award, 2000.
(With Stuart W. Twemlow) With the Eyes of the Mind:An Empirical Analysis of Out-of-Body States, Praeger (New York, NY), 1984.
(With brother, Krin Gabbard) Psychiatry and the Cinema, University of Chicago Press (Chicago, IL), 1987, 2nd revised edition, 1999.
Psychodynamic Psychiatry in Clinical Practice: TheDSM-IV Edition, American Psychiatric Press (Washington, DC), 1990, 3rd revised edition, 2000.
(With Sallye M. Wilkinson) Management of Counter-transference with Borderline Patients, American Psychiatric Press (Washington, DC), 1994.
(With Eva P. Lester) Boundaries and Boundary Violations in Psychoanalysis, Basic Books (New York, NY), 1995.
Love and Hate in the Analytic Setting, Jason Aronson (Northvale, NJ), 1996.
Countertransference Issues in Psychiatric Treatment, American Psychiatric Press (New York, NY), 1999.
The Psychology of the Sopranos: Love, Death, Desire, and Betrayal in America's Favorite Gangster Family, Basic Books (New York, NY), 2002.
Long-Term Psychodynamic Psychotherapy: A BasicText, American Psychiatric Press (Washington, DC), 2004.
(With Roy W. Menninger, and contributor) MedicalMarriages, American Psychiatric Press (Washington, DC), 1988.
Sexual Exploitation in Professional Relationships, American Psychiatric Press (Washington, DC), 1989.
(Contributing editor) Harold Kaplan and Benjamin Sadock, Synopsis of Psychiatry, 7th revised edition, William & Wilkins (Baltimore, MD), 1994.
(Editor in chief) Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders, 2nd edition, American Psychiatric Press (Washington, DC), 1995, 3rd revised edition, 2001.
(With Sarah D. Atkinson) Synopsis of Treatments ofPsychiatric Disorders, 2nd edition, American Psychiatric Press (Washington, DC), 1996.
Also author and director of videotape, The Royal Road: Psychoanalytic Approaches to the Dream, Menninger Video Productions, 1988; author of audiotapes, Management of Countertransference in the Psychotherapy of Borderline Patients, 1992, and Professional Boundaries in Psychiatric Practice, 1995, both for American College of Psychiatrists "Update" series; International Journal of Psychoanalysis, joint editor-in-chief; member of editorial boards for various journals, including American Journal of Psychiatry, American Journal of Psychotherapy, American Psychoanalyst, Ethics and Behavior, Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, Journal of Near-Death Studies, Journal of Psychotherapy Practice and Research, Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, and Psychoanalytic Quarterly. Editor of The Menninger Letter, 1992-96, and associate editor of Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 1994—.
SIDELIGHTS: Glen O. Gabbard once told CA: "I grew up in a theatrical family and majored in drama as an undergraduate. At some ill-defined point in my college career, I became more interested in analyzing the psychology of the characters I was playing than in performing on stage. I switched to a premedical emphasis, but I was rejected by a registration computer because premedical studies and a drama major were deemed incompatible. I persevered nonetheless and eventually combined my interests in my writings on stage fright and the interface between psychiatry and movies. My interest in film culminated in Psychiatry and the Cinema, which I wrote in collaboration with my brother and fellow film buff, Krin Gabbard. This book will require frequent updates to keep abreast of current developments in film, so I anticipate work on future editions for the rest of my professional career."
The second edition of Psychiatry and the Cinema was reviewed in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) by Julia Frank, who began by saying that in the thirteen years since the book was first published, "psychiatry, especially psychoanalytic psychiatry, has taken its lumps . . . but its screen image is as vivid, and as ambiguous, as ever." The first half of this edition reviews the portrayal of psychiatry and psychotherapy in films from the industry's beginnings until present day and contains resources, including an extensive filmography, for physician educators who use films in their courses. Frank called the discussion in this first half "both comprehensive and deep" and noted that although the authors feel that the portrayal of psychiatry in film has changed little since the first edition, their inclusion of recent films that are familiar to students will be helpful. "More important," wrote Frank, "the Gabbards place the films they discuss in historical and literary context, simultaneously relating them to clinical experience. This approach fosters a sophisticated understanding of how films mirror clinical reality—and how they don't." The authors study how the business side of Hollywood and storytelling requirements (happy endings), influence how the medical aspects of the film are portrayed, and they provide psychoanalytic readings of several films in the second half of the book.
More than 400 films were discussed in Psychiatry and the Cinema, and Gabbard told Los Angeles Times writer Richard Natale that of all of them, "fewer than five had some semblance of real psychotherapy. . . . In movies, psychotherapy is generally used only as a plot device." But there is a dramatic portrayal of a psychiatrist that has received Gabbard's stamp of approval, and that is the character of Jennifer Melfi (Lorraine Bracco), the psychiatrist of the lead character, Tony Soprano (James Gandolfini) of the Home Box Office (HBO) hit The Sopranos. Gabbard told Natale the show "is by far the most accurate portrayal of psychiatry ever to appear in any electronic media."
Gabbard liked the show enough that he wrote an entire book about it. The Psychology of the Sopranos: Love, Death, Desire, and Betrayal in America's Favorite Gangster Family, in which he says that the show gets other things right, as well, including the geographical setting of northern New Jersey, and the Roman Catholicism of the Italian community. Gabbard comments on advances in mental health as he writes of the relationships on the show, between Tony and his psychiatrist and Tony and his wife, Carmela (Edie Falco), and considers whether Tony the gangster can be successfully treated. Psychiatrists who have experienced an increase in male patients attribute the trend to the popularity of the show, with its macho main character.
BIOGRAPHICAL AND CRITICAL SOURCES:
Houston Chronicle, August 12, 2002, Barbara Karkabi, "Mob Psychology: Houston Doctor Fascinated by Tenor of The Sopranos," p. 1; December 15, 2002, Barbara Karkabi, "Psychiatrist Sings Praises of The Sopranos," p. 3.
JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, February 9, 2000, Julia Frank, review of Psychiatry and the Cinema, 2nd edition, p. 810.
Los Angeles Times, October 24, 2001, Richard Natale, "Analyze This: What's behind These Psychodramas?," p. F1.
New York Times, February 5, 2002, Erica Goode, "A Rare Day: The Movies Get Mental Illness Right" (interview), p. D6.
New York Times Book Review, September 15, 2002, David Kelly, review of The Psychology of the Sopranos: Love, Death, Desire, and Betrayal in America's Favorite Gangster Family, p. 8.*