Scalero, Rosario, eminent Italian pedagogue and composer; b. Moncalieri, near Turin, Dec. 24, 1870; d. Settimo Vittone, near Turin, Dec. 25, 1954. After training at the Turin Liceo Musicale, he studied violin with Sivori in Genoa and Wilhelmj in London; subsequently studied general subjects with Mandyczewski in Vienna. He taught violin in Lyons (1896–1908); then went to Rome as a teacher of theory at the Accademia di Santa Cecilia; was also founder-director of the Società del Quartetto (1913–16) and a high commissioner for examinations at the conservatories of Naples, Rome, and Parma. From 1919 to 1928 he was chairman of the theory and composition dept. at N.Y.’s David Mannes School; also taught at the Curtis Inst. of Music in Philadelphia (1924–33; 1935–46), where his students included Samuel Barber, Gian Carlo Menotti, and Lukas Foss. He wrote a Violin Concerto, Neapolitan Dances for Violin and Piano, chamber music, sacred songs, etc.
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire