Skip to main content

Scalfaro, Oscar Luigi

Oscar Luigi Scalfaro (ōs´kär lōōē´jē skäl´färō), 1918–2012, Italian political leader, president of Italy (1992–99). A lawyer, Scalfaro aided jailed antifascists during World War II. In 1946 he was elected to the postwar assembly that established the Italian Republic, and in 1948, in the general election, Scalfaro, a Christian Democrat, won a seat in the lower house, where he served until 1992. Beginning in 1966, he was a minister in several governments, most notably interior minister from 1983 to 1987. Elected president at a tense political time—amid corruption investigations that led to the disbanding of the Christian Democrats in 1994—and serving during a period that saw the formation of four governments and a number of political crises, Scalfaro remained a respected, steadfast presence. In 1999 he was appointed senator for life.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Scalfaro, Oscar Luigi." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 23 Apr. 2018 <>.

"Scalfaro, Oscar Luigi." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (April 23, 2018).

"Scalfaro, Oscar Luigi." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved April 23, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.