Neapolitan Sixth. A chromatic chord. It is a major common chord on the flattened supertonic in its 1st inversion, e.g. in key C it comprises F–A♭-D♭. Reason for its name is unknown, since it occurs in 17th-cent. mus. before the so-called Neapolitan sch. existed, e.g. in mus. by Carissimi, Corelli, and Purcell (in King Arthur).
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