Skip to main content

Martopangrawit, R.L.

Martopangrawit, R.L.

Martopangrawit, R.L., significant Indonesian composer, teacher, performer, and music theorist; b. Surakarta, Central Java, April 4, 1914; d. there, April 17, 1986. He was a descendant of many generations of royal musicians and became a member of the royal gamelan at the Kraton (palace) Surakarta at 13. In 1948 he joined the offices of the Central Javanese Ministry of Education and Culture; also taught in Surakarta at the Konservatori Karawitan (K.O.K.A.R., 1951–64) and Akademi Seni Karawiten Indonesia (A.S.K.I., from 1964; later Sekolah Tinggi Seni Indonesia [S.T.S.I.]). Considered among the finest of traditional musicians, Martopangrawit garnered fame for his inventive and stylistically diverse compositions, which numbered over 100; his earliest dated work was Ladrang Biwadhapraja (1939), and his last was Ra Ngandel (1986); others included Ladrang Cikar Bobrok (1943), Ketawang ASKI, Ladrang Asri (1946), Ladrang Gandasuli (1946), Ladrang Lo Kowe Nang (1954), Lancaran Kebat (1961), Lancaran Uyal-uyel (1962), Ketawang Pamegatsih (1966), Nglara Ati (1970), Mijil Anglir Medung (1981), and Gending Parisuka (1982). He was also active in the preservation and development of many classical music and dance forms, particularly those associated with the Kraton Surakarta, where he was promoted to “Bupati Anon-anon” and given the honorary title Raden Tumenggung Martodipura (1984). He also publ, many books on the Central Javanese gamelan; some of these comprise collections of music notation, including those of his own pieces:Gending-gending Martopangrawit (1968) and Lagu Dolanan Anggitan Martopangrawit (children’s songs). Among his theoretical works is his landmark treatise Pengetahuan Karawitan (The Theory of Classical Javanese Music; Surakarta, 1972; Eng. tr. by M. Hatch, in J. Becker and A. Feinstein, eds., Karawitan: Source Readings in Javanese Gamelan and Vocal Music, vol. I, Ann Arbor, 1984). Other publications include a book of drumming notation, Titilaras Kendangan; a compendium of melodic patterns used by the gender (an important instrument in the Javanese gamelan), Titilaras Cengkok-cengkok Genderan Dengan Wiledannya (2 vols.); and a collection of children’s songs, Lagu Dolanan Lare-lare.

—Niciolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Martopangrawit, R.L.." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. 13 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Martopangrawit, R.L.." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 13, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/martopangrawit-rl

"Martopangrawit, R.L.." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved November 13, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/martopangrawit-rl

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.