Skip to main content

Martinuzzi, György (Juraj Utješenović)


Cardinal, Transylvanian statesman (popularly "Friar George"); b. Kamičic, Croatia, 1482; d. Alvinc, Transylvania, Dec. 17, 1551. Though he was the son of a Croatian father (Utiešenović), he preferred to use the name of his Venetian mother. After a brief military career he joined the Paulite Order and later became the close adviser of King john i zÁpolya (152640) of Hungary. In 1534 he was appointed bishop of Nagyvárad and negotiated the Treaty of Nagyvárad (1538), in which King John agreed to Hapsburg succession after his death and thus to the unification of Hungary under Ferdinand I. But the dying John repudiated the agreement and made Friar George swear allegiance to his newborn son John Sigismund. Martinuzzi, as governor of Transylvania, attempted to maintain the infant's position with the support of Sultan Suleiman I. After the capture of Buda (1541) by the Turks, Martinuzzi returned to the original plan of unification of Hungary under the Hapsburgs in order to resist Turkish expansion. After lengthy negotiations the new treaty was ratified in 1551, and Martinuzzi was rewarded with the archbishopric of Esztergom (Gran) and the cardinal's hat. Meanwhile, to forestall the expected attack of the Sultan, he maintained friendly relations with the Turks. Such secret contacts raised the suspicions of Ferdinand's military commander, Castaldo, who, with the connivance of Ferdinand himself, arranged the Cardinal's assassination in the castle of Alvinc.

Bibliography: m. horvÁth, Frater György, élete (Budapest 1868). o. m. utieŠenoviĆ, Lebensgeschichte des Cardinals Utiešenović genannt Martinusius (Vienna 1881). k. juhÁsz, "Kardinal Georg Utjesenovich (T1551) und das Bistum Tschanad," Historisches Jahrbuch der Görres-Gesellschaft 80 (1961) 252264.

[l. j. lekai]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Martinuzzi, György (Juraj Utješenović)." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . 26 Mar. 2019 <>.

"Martinuzzi, György (Juraj Utješenović)." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . (March 26, 2019).

"Martinuzzi, György (Juraj Utješenović)." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved March 26, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.