Skip to main content

Martirano, Salvatore

Martirano, Salvatore

Martirano, Salvatore, American composer and teacher; b. Yonkers, N.Y., Jan. 12, 1927; d. Urbana, III., Nov. 17, 1995. He studied piano and composition at the Oberlin (Ohio) Cons, of Music (B.M., 1951), then composition at the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, N.Y., with Rogers (M.M., 1952); later took courses with Dallapiccola at the Cherubini Cons, in Florence (1952–54). He served in the U.S. Marine Corps; played clarinet and cornet with the Parr is Island Marine Band. From 1956 to 1959 he held a fellowship to the American Academy in Rome, and in 1960 received a Guggenheim fellowship and the American Academy of Arts and Letters Award. In 1963 he joined the faculty of the Univ. of III. at Urbana. Martirano wrote in a progressive avant-garde idiom, applying the quaquaversal techniques of unmitigated radical modernism, free from any inhibitions.


Sextet for Wind Instruments (1949); Prelude for Orch. (1950); Variations for Flute and Piano (1950); String Quartet No. 1 (1951); The Magic Stones, chamber opera after the Decameron (Oberlin Cons., April 24, 1952); Piece for Orchestra (1952); Violin Sonata (1952); Contrasto for Orch. (1954); Chansons innocentes for Soprano and Piano (1957); O, O, O, O, That Shakespeherian Rag for Chorus and Instrumental Ensemble (1958); Cocktail Music for Piano (1962); Octet (1963); Underworld for 4 Actors, 4 Percussion Instruments, 2 Double Basses, Tenor Saxophone, and Tape (1965; video version, 1982); Ballad for Amplified Nightclub Singer and Instrumental Ensemble (1966); L’s.G.A. for a gas-masked Politico, Helium Bomb, 3 16mm Movie Projectors, and Tape (1968); The Proposal for Tapes and Slides (1968); Action Analysis for 12 People, Bunny, and Controller (1968); Selections for Alto Flute, Bass Clarinet, Viola, and Cello (1970); Sal-Mar Construction I-VII for Tape (1971–75); Fast Forward for Tape (1977); Fifty One for Tape (1978); In Memoriam Luigi Dallapiccola for Tape (1978); Omaggio a Sally Rand, video piece (1982); Thrown, sextet for Wind and Percussion (1984); Look at the Back of My Head for Awhile, video piece (1984); Sampler: Everything Goes When the Whistle Blows for Violin and Synthetic Orch. (1985; rev. 1988); Dance/Players I and II, video pieces (1986); 3 not 2, variable-forms piece (1987); Phleu for Amplified Flute and Synthetic Orch. (1988); LON/dons for Chamber Orch. (1989).

—Niciolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Martirano, Salvatore." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . 16 Jul. 2019 <>.

"Martirano, Salvatore." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . (July 16, 2019).

"Martirano, Salvatore." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved July 16, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.