Lowens, Irving, eminent American musicologist, music critic, and librarian; b. N.Y., Aug. 19, 1916; d. Baltimore, Nov. 14, 1983. He studied at Teachers Coll., Columbia Univ. (B.S. in music, 1939). During World War II, he served as an air-traffic controller for the Civil Aeronautics Administration. He continued in this capacity at the National Airport in Washington, D.C., and then took special courses in American civilization at the Univ. of Md. (M.A., 1957; Ph.D., 1965). In 1953 he began to write music criticism for the Washington Star; from 1960 to 1978 he was its chief music critic; received the ASCAP-Deems Taylor Award for the best articles on music in 1972 and 1977. From 1960 to 1966 he was a librarian in the Music Division of the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. From 1978 to 1981 he was dean of the Peabody Inst. of the Johns Hopkins Univ. in Baltimore; also wrote music criticism for the Baltimore News American. A linguist, he traveled widely on numerous research grants in Europe. He was a founding member of the Music Critics’ Assn., and from 1971 to 1975 served as its president.
The Hartford Harmony: A Selection of American Hymns from the Late 18th and Early 19th Centuries (Hartford, 1953); Music and Musicians of Early America (N.Y., 1964); Source Readings in American Music History (N.Y., 1966); Lectures on the History and Art of Music at the Library of Congress, 1946–63 (N.Y., 1968); A Bibliography of American Songsters Published before 1821 (Worcester, Mass., 1976); Haydn in America (Washington, D.C, 1977); with A. Britton and R. Crawford, American Sacred Music Imprints, 1698–1810: A Bibliography (Worcester, Mass., 1990).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
"Lowens, Irving." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 20, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/lowens-irving
"Lowens, Irving." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved January 20, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/lowens-irving
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.