Hughes, Rupert, American novelist, writer on music, and composer; b. Lancaster, Mo., Jan. 31, 1872; d. Los Angeles, Sept. 9, 1956. He studied with W. G. Smith in Cleveland (1890–92), E. S. Kelley in N.Y. (1899), and C. Pearce in London (1900–1901). His publications include American Composers (Boston, 1900; rev. 1914); The Musical Guide (2 vols., N.Y., 1903; republ. as Music Lovers’ Encyclopedia, in 1 vol., 1912; rev. and newly ed. by D. Taylor and R. Kerr as Music Lover’s Encyclopedia, 1939; rev. 1954); ed. Thirty Songs by American Composers (1904). He also composed a dramatic monologue for Baritone and Piano, Cain (1919), piano pieces, and songs. He was principally known, however, as a novelist.
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire