Cosma, Viorel , Romanian musicologist, lexicographer, music critic, and pedagogue; b. Timişoara, March 30, 1923. He studied at the Timişoara Cons. (1929–31) and the Bucharest Cons. (1945–50), and later attended the musicology seminars under Martin Runcke in Erlangen and Nuremberg (1972–73). In 1951 he joined the faculty of the Bucharest Cons., where he was a lecturer (1964–85) and an assoc. prof. (1996–99). From 1993 to 1996 he also was prof. of music history at the Hyperionon Univ. in Bucharest. Cosma has contributed numerous articles to journals, books, and reference works. Among his own books (all publ. in Bucharest) are Compozitori si muzicologi romani: Mic Lexicon (1965), Muzideni romani: Lexicon (1970), A Concise History of Romanian Music (1982), Exegeze muzicologice (1984), 40 de ani in fotoliul de orchestral: Eseuri, studii, cronici muzicale (1946–1976) (Vol. 1, 1986), Muzideni din Romania: Lexicon (A-E, 2 vols., 1989, 1999), Interpret! din Romania (Vol. I, A-F, 1996), and Endclopedia marilor personalitati din istoria, stiinta si cultura romdneasca de—a lungul timpului (1998).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire