Baines, Anthony, English organologist; b. London, Oct. 6, 1912; d. Farnhem, Surrey, Feb. 2, 1997. He studied at the Royal Coll. of Music in London. After playing bassoon in the London Phil. (1935–39; 1946–48) and working as a conductor, he concentrated on orga-nology. In 1946 he helped to found the Galpin Soc, serving as ed. of its journal (1955–63; 1971–83). In 1970 he joined the faculty of the Univ. of Oxford as a lecturer on music and as curator of the Bate Collection of Historical Instruments. He retired in 1981.
Woodwind Instruments and Their History (London, 1957; 3rd ed., rev., 1967); Bagpipes (Oxford, 1960; 3rd ed., 1995); ed. Musical Instruments Through the Ages (Baltimore, 1961; 2nd ed., rev., 1976); European and American Musical Instruments (London, 1966); Brass Instruments: Their History and Development (London, 1976); ed. The Oxford Companion to Musical Instruments (Oxford, 1992).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire