Skip to main content

Vanderbilt, Alice Gwynne (1845–1934)

Vanderbilt, Alice Gwynne (1845–1934)

American socialite. Name variations: Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbilt II. Born Alice Claypoole Gwynne in 1845; died in 1934; married Cornelius Vanderbilt II (1843–1899, a banker, investor, and philanthropist); children: Alice Gwynne Vanderbilt (1869–1874); William Henry Vanderbilt II (1872–1892); Cornelius Vanderbilt III (1873–1942); Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney (1875–1942); Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt (1877–1915, killed while on board the Lusitania when it was torpedoed and sunk); Reginald Claypoole Vanderbilt (1880–1925, father of Gloria Vanderbilt ); and Gladys Moore Vanderbilt (1886–1965, who married Count Laszlo Szechenyi).

The formidable Alice Vanderbilt, along with her husband Cornelius Vanderbilt II, built The Breakers, a more-stately mansion overlooking Cliff Walk in Newport, Rhode Island, now on the tourist circuit. She thought of it as their summer cottage. The cottage, which had first appeared as a modest three-story affair of brick and wood on 11 acres, burned down in November 1892. Alice commissioned architect Richard Morris Hunt and, with her considerable input, the two replaced the burned-out shell with something more substantial: the new cottage had 70 rooms (33 held servants). Because of Newport's gusty ocean winds, Alice determined that rather than a center courtyard, she would have an interior courtyard, a center hall 45 feet high with a trompe l'oeil sky filled with billowing clouds on its ceiling. There was also a separate cottage for daughters Gladys Moore Vanderbilt and Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney which came with its own butler and French chef. Alice, who became known as Alice of the Breakers, had an arch-rival in opulence and fancydress-ball giving: her sister-in-law Alva Smith Belmont , who was married to William K. Vanderbilt before she divorced and became Mrs O.H.P. Belmont.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Vanderbilt, Alice Gwynne (1845–1934)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Vanderbilt, Alice Gwynne (1845–1934)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 20, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/vanderbilt-alice-gwynne-1845-1934

"Vanderbilt, Alice Gwynne (1845–1934)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved November 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/vanderbilt-alice-gwynne-1845-1934

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.