Maxtone Graham, Joyce (1901–1953)
Maxtone Graham, Joyce (1901–1953)
British author . Name variations: (incorrectly) Joyce Maxtone-Graham; (pseudonym) Jan Struther. Born Joyce Anstruther on June 6, 1901; died on July 20, 1953, in New York City; daughter of Dame Eva Anstruther (a writer); married Anthony Maxtone Graham, in 1923 (divorced); married Adolf Kurt Placzek, in 1948; children: (first marriage) James Anstruther Maxtone Graham (b. 1924, a writer); Janet Maxtone Graham ; Robert Maxtone Graham.
Joyce Maxtone Graham was born into a literary family on June 6, 1901. Her mother, Dame Eva Anstruther , was an author but was best known for her service to the British Empire during World War I as director of the Camps Library, which made available millions of books to military personnel overseas. Joyce received her primary education in London, England, and obtained her first writing job as a contributor to the court page of the London Times, using the pseudonym Jan Struther to differentiate herself from her mother. In 1923, she married Anthony Maxtone Graham, with whom she had two sons and a daughter. Maxtone Graham published her first book, Betsinda Dances and Other Poems, in 1931, and soon had a devoted following. Her most notable work was Mrs. Miniver, a semi-autobiographical series of sketches on family life during wartime that was a tremendous commercial success upon its release in 1939. In 1942, the book was made into a popular film, starring Greer Garson and Walter Pidgeon, that won six Academy Awards, including Best Actress for Garson (a sequel, The Miniver Story, was released in 1950).
During World War II, Maxtone Graham continued the tradition of service begun by her mother, lecturing throughout the United States on behalf of the British War Relief. She also published The Glass Blower in 1940 and edited Women of Britain in 1941. Her husband served in the war as a member of the Scots Guards, and was taken prisoner by the Germans in Libya in 1942. After the war ended, she remained in the United States, becoming a member of the library staff at Columbia University and divorcing her husband. She published Pocketful of Pebbles in 1946 and married Adolf Kurt Placzek, a colleague at the library, in 1948. Joyce Maxtone Graham was working on a semi-autobiographical novel at the time of her death on July 20, 1953.
Kunitz, Stanley J., ed. Twentieth Century Authors. NY: H.W. Wilson, 1942, and First Supplement, 1955.
The Miniver Story (104 min. film), starring Greer Garson, Walter Pidgeon, John Hodiak, and Cathy O'Donnell , released in 1950.
Grant Eldridge , freelance writer, Pontiac, Michigan
"Maxtone Graham, Joyce (1901–1953)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 8, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/maxtone-graham-joyce-1901-1953
"Maxtone Graham, Joyce (1901–1953)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved April 08, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/maxtone-graham-joyce-1901-1953
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.