Maxwell, Anna Caroline (1851–1929)

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Maxwell, Anna Caroline (1851–1929)

American nursing educator. Born Mar 14, 1851, in Bristol, NY; died Jan 2, 1929, in New York, NY; dau. of John Eglinton Maxwell (minister) and Diantha Caroline Brown; graduate of Boston City Hospital Training School for Nurses (1880).

Served as superintendent of Training School for Nurses of the Massachusetts General Hospital (1881–89); was superintendent of nurses at St. Luke's Hospital in NY; founded (1892) and served as head (to 1921) of nurses' training school at Presbyterian Hospital in NY; with Amy E. Pope, wrote Practical Nursing (1907); established and worked for nursing service in Georgia during Spanish-American War (1898); advocated creation of Army Nurse Corps and designation of officer rank for nurses in armed forces; throughout career, set high standards in nursing education and procedures, which contributed to improvement in professional status of nurses.

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