Marcos, Imelda (1929–)

Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article Share Article
views updated

Marcos, Imelda (1929–)

Philippine politician and first lady. Born Imelda Romualdez, July 2, 1929, in Tacloban, Leyte Province, Philippines; 1st of 6 children of Vicente Orestes Romualdez and Remedios Trinidad Romualdez; m. Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (b. 1917, president of the Philippines, 1965–1986), May 1, 1954 (died Sept 28, 1989); children: Marie Imelda ("Imee") Marcos; Ferdinand Marcos Jr.; Maria Victoria Irene Marcos.

Ruled with husband and amassed a fortune through corruption and the skimming of public funds (1965–86); became first lady of the Philippines (Dec 30, 1965); legalized as head of state in event of death or illness by Presidential Decree 731 (June 7, 1975); was virtual ruler of the Philippines (after 1979) because of husband's failing health; played the US against the USSR to gain increasing aid; became legendary for her conspicuous consumption (1980s) and was associated with the thousands of shoes found in her wardrobe; with husband, tried to fight off the Aquinos and their followers (1983–86); forced into exile (1986); returned to Philippines (1991); during husband's 20 years in office as president of the Philippines, was at the center of power, exercising dictatorial powers on her own authority.

See also Katherine W. Ellison, Imelda: Steel Butterfly of the Philippines (McGraw-Hill, 1988); Carmen Navarro Pedrosa, Imelda Marcos (St. Martin's, 1987); Beth Day Romulo, Inside the Palace: The Rise and Fall of Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos (Putnam, 1987); and Women in World History.

More From Encyclopedia.com


You Might Also Like