Skip to main content

Marcos, Imelda (1929–)

Marcos, Imelda (1929–)

Philippine politician and first lady. Born Imelda Romualdez, July 2, 1929, in Tacloban, Leyte Province, Philippines; 1st of 6 children of Vicente Orestes Romualdez and Remedios Trinidad Romualdez; m. Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (b. 1917, president of the Philippines, 1965–1986), May 1, 1954 (died Sept 28, 1989); children: Marie Imelda ("Imee") Marcos; Ferdinand Marcos Jr.; Maria Victoria Irene Marcos.

Ruled with husband and amassed a fortune through corruption and the skimming of public funds (1965–86); became first lady of the Philippines (Dec 30, 1965); legalized as head of state in event of death or illness by Presidential Decree 731 (June 7, 1975); was virtual ruler of the Philippines (after 1979) because of husband's failing health; played the US against the USSR to gain increasing aid; became legendary for her conspicuous consumption (1980s) and was associated with the thousands of shoes found in her wardrobe; with husband, tried to fight off the Aquinos and their followers (1983–86); forced into exile (1986); returned to Philippines (1991); during husband's 20 years in office as president of the Philippines, was at the center of power, exercising dictatorial powers on her own authority.

See also Katherine W. Ellison, Imelda: Steel Butterfly of the Philippines (McGraw-Hill, 1988); Carmen Navarro Pedrosa, Imelda Marcos (St. Martin's, 1987); Beth Day Romulo, Inside the Palace: The Rise and Fall of Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos (Putnam, 1987); and Women in World History.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Marcos, Imelda (1929–)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . 22 Sep. 2019 <>.

"Marcos, Imelda (1929–)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . (September 22, 2019).

"Marcos, Imelda (1929–)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Retrieved September 22, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.