Fromm, Erika (1909–2003)

Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article Share Article
views updated

Fromm, Erika (1909–2003)

American psychologist. Born Erika Oppenheimer, Dec 23, 1909, in Frankfurt, Germany; died May 25, 2003, in Chicago, Illinois; earned doctorate at University of Frankfurt, 1933; m. Paul Fromm (cousin of psychoanalyst Erich Fromm, died 1987); children: Joan Fromm Greenstone (died 1996).

Moved to Netherlands with rise of Nazism; with husband, moved to US (1938); held a variety of teacher and research positions; joined the faculty of the University of Chicago (1961), where she challenged some of Freud's findings and became an expert in the use of hypnosis; was longtime editor of the journal Research Developments and Perspectives in Hypnosis; writings include (with Thomas French) Dream Interpretation: A New Approach (1964) and Hypnotherapy and Hypnoanalysis (1986) and (with Stephen Kahn) Changes in the Therapist (2000), among others.