Front Pour la Défense des Institutions Constitutionelles (FDIC)
FRONT POUR LA DéFENSE DES INSTITUTIONS CONSTITUTIONELLES (FDIC)
Moroccan political group.
Founded in 1963 by Ahmad Rida Gudeira, a close confidant of King Hassan, the Front pour la Défense des Institutions Constitutionelles (FDIC) attempted to unite pro-monarchy groups in parliament against Istiqlal and the Union Nationale des Forces Populaires (UNFP) during a time of social and economic tensions. Having failed to win a majority in the 1963 parliamentary elections, it split in 1964 into Gudeira's Parti Socialiste Démocratique and the Mouvement Populaire (MP)—the latter had been part of the original FDIC. The failure of the FDIC led the king to assume emergency governing powers in June 1965.
See also Istiqlal Party: morocco; Morocco: Political Parties in; Mouvement Populaire (MP); Union Nationale des Forces Populaires (UNFP).