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Bramley, Jenny Rosenthal (1910–1997)

Bramley, Jenny Rosenthal (1910–1997)

American engineer. Born 1910 in Russia, of Lithuanian parents; died 1997; left Russia with family as part of a hostage exchange between Lithuania and Soviet Union; attended high school in Berlin; University of Paris, ScB, 1926; New York University, MSc, 1927, PhD in physics, 1929; m. Arthur Bramley (engineer), 1943; children: Alan, Timothy, Eleanor.

Cited for achievement in spectroscopy, optics, and mathematical techniques and their applications, was a physicist at US Army Signal Corps Laboratories in Ft. Monmouth, NJ (1942–44, 1948–50, 1950–53), where she and husband did pioneering work applying electroluminescence to solid state display and storage devices; her basic research for the invention of the microwave-pumped, high-efficiency lamp was applied to subsequent development of high efficiency lasers; also invented techniques of coding and decoding pictorial information, which were later used in classified studies.

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