Bramuglia, Juan Atilio (1903–1962)
Bramuglia, Juan Atilio (1903–1962)
Juan Atilio Bramuglia (b. 19 January 1903; d. 4 September 1962), Argentine labor lawyer, foreign minister, and supporter of Juan Domingo Perón. As legal counsel for the railroad workers' union, Bramuglia showed strong initial support of Perón which earned him appointments in the government. In 1944 he was named general director of social welfare, and from 1944 to 1945 he served as federal intervenor in the province of Buenos Aires. When Perón was elected president in 1946, Bramuglia became foreign minister. Bramuglia sought recognition of Argentine claims in Antarctica and the Falkland Islands (Malvinas) and achieved some success in presenting Perón's third position in international affairs. In 1948 he was provisional president of the Third Assembly of the United Nations in Paris, and in 1949 he was elected chairman of the United Nations Security Council. After incurring the displeasure of Evita Perón, Bramuglia resigned from government and pursued scholarly activities. His published works include Jubilaciones ferroviarias (1941) and La previsión social Argentina (1942).
Samuel L. Baily describes Bramuglia's importance in Perón's first administration in Labor, Nationalism, and Politics in Argentina (1967). Joseph A. Page, Perón, a Biography (1983), discusses his role in Perón's nationalization of the labor movement. Evita's dislike of Bramuglia is covered in Eduardo Crawley, A Nation Divided: Argentina, 1880–1980 (1984), esp. pp. 116-117.
Rein, Raanan. In the Shadow of Perón: Juan Atilio Bramuglia and the Second Line of Argentina's Populist Movement. Trans. Martha Grenzeback. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2007.
James A. Baer
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