AMERICA'S CUP, yachting's preeminent competitive event, is a quadrennial race dating back to 1851, when the America defeated the Aurora and a fleet of other British vessels in a race around the Isle of Wight. Britain, then the world's premier naval power, was stunned by the defeat. The cup itself was donated to the New York Yacht Club, where it remained for the next 132 years, as American defenders defeated no fewer than twenty-five challenges, five of them by Irish tea tycoon Sir Thomas Lipton.
In 1983, Alan Bond's Australia II of the Royal Perth Yacht Club, using a revolutionary winged keel, defeated the American defender Dennis Conner in a narrow 4–3 victory. Conner regained the cup for the San Diego Yacht
Club four years later. The cup then entered a bitter phase when Michael Fay of New Zealand challenged the Americans to an unusual rematch just one year later. Conner won using a sixty-foot catamaran, a design that Fay unsuccessfully challenged in court. Bill Koch's America3 successfully defended the cup in 1992 using the new standard boat size. In 1995, Peter Blake's Team New Zealand soundly defeated Dennis Conner's Young America and brought the cup to the Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron. In 1999, for the first time in the cup's history, no American boat was present in the final, when Team New Zealand beat Italy's Prada. While popular mostly with the well-to-do, the America's Cup race grew into one of the major international competitions, attracting challengers from eight different countries in the 1999 competition.
Conner, Dennis, and Michael Levitt. The America's Cup: The History of Sailing's Greatest Competition in the Twentieth Century. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998.
Lester, Gary, and Richard Sleeman. The America's Cup, 1851–1987: Sailing for Supremacy. Sydney, Australia: Lester-Townsend, 1986.
"America's Cup." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 11, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/americas-cup
"America's Cup." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved July 11, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/americas-cup
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
America's Cup: see sailing.
"America's Cup." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 11, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/americas-cup
"America's Cup." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved July 11, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/americas-cup