The 1980s Medicine and Health: Chronology

views updated

The 1980s Medicine and Health: Chronology

1980:      The World Health Organization formally announces the worldwide elimination of smallpox.

1980:     June 6 A U.S. Senate subcommittee is told of a baffling, recently discovered disease called toxic shock syndrome that frequently strikes young women and can cause death within a few days.

1980:     September 22 Rely brand tampons are recalled because federal studies link their use to increased risks of toxic shock syndrome.

1981:     January 8 Scientific studies confirm a long-term advantage in reducing cholesterol and saturated fats in the fight against heart disease.

1981:     January 13 A three-month study links toxic shock syndrome to the use of high-absorbency tampons and confirms that teenagers have the highest risk of developing the disease.

1981:     June A new disease that will come to be known as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is first detected among homosexual men and intravenous drug users.

1982:     September 29 The first of seven people die in Chicago after taking Extra-Strength Tylenol painkilling capsules tainted with cyanide.

1982:     December 2 Physicians at the University of Utah Medical Center in Salt Lake City successfully implant a permanent artificial heart in a sixty-one-year-old patient.

1982:     December 9 The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta announce that AIDS is now spreading to infants and children.

1983:     January 25 A study by the Food Resource and Action Center links an eight-state increase in infant mortality to poverty brought on by the economic recession.

1983:     May 24 AIDS is called the nation's "number one priority" of the U.S. Public Health Service.

1984:     February 16 The American Heart Association, American Lung Association, and American Cancer Society denounce cigarette ads.

1984:     April 21 The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention confirm news reports that French researchers have identified a virus thought to be the cause of AIDS.

1984:     October 26 Doctors in Loma Linda, California, replace the defective heart of a newborn baby girl known as "Baby Fae" with the heart of a baboon.

1985:     February 17 A third permanent artificial heart is implanted at Humana Hospital in Louisville, Kentucky.

1985:     June The Renfrew Center, the first residential facility devoted exclusively to the treatment of the eating disorders anorexia nervosa and bulimia, is opened in Philadelphia.

1985:     September 9 New York City school districts are struck by a boycott when a seven-year-old AIDS victim is given permission to attend school.

1986:     May An international commission names the AIDS-causing virus the human immunodeficiency virus or HIV.

1986:     June 30 The federal government announces $100 million in contracts to step up research for a cure for AIDS.

1986:     September 19 The federal government announces that an experimental drug, azidothymidine (AZT), prolonged the lives of some AIDS victims.

1987:     March 20 The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approves the marketing of AZT in the United States for treating symptoms of AIDS.

1987:     May 31 President Ronald Reagan refuses entry into the United States immigrants and aliens with AIDS.

1987:     October 11 The AIDS quilt is unfurled for the first time on the Mall in Washington, D.C.

1988:     May 12 The National Institutes of Health halt funding for artificial-heart programs, citing failures for all five patients who had received them.

1988:     June 1 The National Academy of Sciences criticizes the absence of strong federal leadership and support in the fight against AIDS.

1988:     June 27 Michigan becomes the first state to outlaw surrogate-mother contracts.

1989:     March 8 The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services says it will support programs to supply hypodermic needles to drug addicts to help halt the spread of AIDS.

1989:     June 1 A New England Journal of Medicine article reports that the AIDS virus can lie dormant for up to three years before it is detected with standard blood tests.

About this article

The 1980s Medicine and Health: Chronology

Updated About content Print Article


The 1980s Medicine and Health: Chronology