views updated

kibbutzim Agricultural settlements inspired by socialist and anarchist ideals, established by Jewish settlers in Palestine, in which working and domestic arrangements, including child-care, are shared by members. They later came to employ wage labour and to form a small part of the Israeli economic system. They are interesting to sociologists primarily as experiments in egalitarian communal living (see B. Bettelheim , The Children of the Dream, 1969
). See also COMMUNE.