The term ‘traditional society’ is usually contrasted with industrial, urbanized, capitalist ‘modern’ society. It incorrectly groups together a wide range of non-modern societies, as varied as contemporary hunting and gathering groups on the one hand, and medieval European states on the other. It is a judgemental term, often implying negative traits associated with being backward, primitive, non-scientific, and emotional, although it is sometimes linked with a mythical golden age of close-knit family values and community. See also GEMEINSCHAFT AND GESELLSCHAFT
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