French abbot and inventor who is credited with the conception (1771) of an embossed letter system to educate persons with blindness. In 1783-84 Abbot Haüy founded the Institute for the Blind and began training his blind students to read with their fingers. By the end of 1784 he had helped develop a special printing press for the students to expand the Institute's library. Haüy's embossed system was used to educate the blind throughout Europe until the 1829 introduction of an adaptation of a military "night writing" system by Louis Braille, one of Haüy's students.
"Valentin Haüy." Science and Its Times: Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 19, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/valentin-hauy
"Valentin Haüy." Science and Its Times: Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery. . Retrieved November 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/valentin-hauy
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.