Skip to main content

Tyrrell, G(eorge) N(ugent) M(erle)(1879-1952)

Tyrrell, G(eorge) N(ugent) M(erle)(1879-1952)

Mathematician and parapsychologist. He was a member of the council of the Society for Psychical Research (SPR), London (1940-52), and was elected its president in 1945. Born in 1879, he was educated at Haileybury School, Seafield Engineering College, and London University (where he attained degrees in physics and mathematics). A pioneer in the study of wireless telegraphy, Tyrrell worked under Guglielmo Marconi. He served in the British Army during World War I.

Tyrrell joined the SPR in 1908. After conducting a series of experiments in telepathy and precognition with Gertrude Johnson, he devoted himself exclusively to psychical research. He undertook further experiments with Johnson in 1924, using quantitative methods, and invented mechanical devices to randomize selection and scoring. His apparatus, unfortunately, was destroyed during an air raid in World War II, and in the years after the war he concentrated on the theoretical and philosophical aspects of extrasensory perception. Out of this period came possibly his single most important volume, Apparitions (1953), cited for its clarity in integrating data. He died October 29, 1952.

Sources:

Berger, Arthur S., and Joyce Berger. The Encyclopedia of Parapsychology and Psychical Research. New York: Paragon House, 1991.

Pleasants, Helene, ed. Biographical Dictionary of Parapsychology. New York: Helix Press, 1964.

Salter, W. H., G. W. Fisk, and Harry H. Price. "G. N. M. Tyrrell and His Contributions to Psychical Research." Journal of the Society for Psychical Research 37 (1953).

Tyrrell, George N. M. Apparitions. London: Society for Psychical Research, 1953. Reprinted in Science and Psychical Phenomena and Apparitions. New Hyde Park, N.Y.: University Books, 1961.

. "Further Research in Extrasensory Perception." Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research 44, no. 147 (1936-37).

. Grades of Significance. N.p., 1930.

. Homo Faber. N.p., 1951.

. The Nature of Human Personality. London: Allen & Unwin, 1954.

. The Personality of Man. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin Books, 1947.

. "Presidential Address." Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research 47, no. 171 (1945).

. Science and Psychical Phenomena. London, 1938. Reprinted in Science and Psychical Phenomena and Apparitions. New Hyde Park, N.Y.: University Books, 1961.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Tyrrell, G(eorge) N(ugent) M(erle)(1879-1952)." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Tyrrell, G(eorge) N(ugent) M(erle)(1879-1952)." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 22, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/tyrrell-george-nugent-merle1879-1952

"Tyrrell, G(eorge) N(ugent) M(erle)(1879-1952)." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . Retrieved October 22, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/tyrrell-george-nugent-merle1879-1952

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.