Skip to main content

Ludwig Prandtl

Ludwig Prandtl

1875-1953

German engineer considered the father of aerodynamics. His explanation of the boundary layer in fluid flow helped bridge the gap between empirical hydraulics and modern hydrodynamics and aerodynamics. Prandtl's studies of turbulent airflow laid the foundation for later work on chaotic motions and had important applications for aircraft and rocket design. He helped establish and served as director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Fluid Dynamics (now the Max Planck Institute) in 1925.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Ludwig Prandtl." Science and Its Times: Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Ludwig Prandtl." Science and Its Times: Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ludwig-prandtl

"Ludwig Prandtl." Science and Its Times: Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery. . Retrieved September 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ludwig-prandtl

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.