A degree of Freemasonry very popular in the north of England, especially in the county of Durham, and probably founded in Gateshead in 1681. It was brought under the Grand Lodge in 1735. Members were the custodians of the Ritual of All Masonry, or the Old York Ritual. There were nine lodges in all. A London version of this society was the Harodim-Rosy-Cross, of Jacobite origin, probably carried to London by the earl of Derwentwater. In 1787 a Grand Chapter of the Ancient and Venerable Order of Harodim was founded by William Preston, author of Illustrations of Masonry (1775).
Preston, William. Illustrations of Masonry. London, 1775.
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