Härnösand (hărnösänd´), city (1990 est. pop. 19,200), capital of Västernorrland co., E Sweden, on the Gulf of Bothnia at the mouth of the Ångermanälven River. Its harbor, icebound in winter, is a center of the coastal trade of N and E Sweden. Forest products are the chief exports of Härnösand. Manufactures include machinery, processed tobacco, and ships. The city was chartered in 1585 and has long been a cultural center of Norrland. It was burned in 1721 by Russians.