Skip to main content

Tachinidae

Tachinidae (parasitic flies; order Diptera, suborder Cyclorrapha) Large family of true flies whose larvae are parasites of insects and other arthropods. The adults are distinguished by a strong fan of hypopleural bristles, and a well-developed postscutellum. The second abdominal sternite is visible as side plates lying above the tergite. The larvae are unlike other cyclorraphan larvae in being uniformly cylindrical, rather than tapered. There are many larval habits and methods for attacking hosts: (a) eggs are laid on the surface of the host; (b) eggs are laid in large numbers on potential food plants for the host, and are eaten; (c) eggs are laid near the habitat of the host, and hatch into active larvae which seek out a host; and (d) larviparous females puncture the skin of the host and deposit an egg which hatches immediately. The usual hosts are larval or adult Coleoptera, Orthoptera, and Hemiptera, occasionally Hymenoptera, but most frequently Lepidoptera. The larvae breathe either by maintaining a connection with the air outside the host, or by tapping the air supply of the host at a tracheal trunk. More than 9000 species have been described, and their distribution is world-wide.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Tachinidae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Aug. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Tachinidae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 17, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/tachinidae

"Tachinidae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Retrieved August 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/tachinidae

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.