Skip to main content

Sophora

Sophora (family Leguminosae, subfamily Papilionatae) A genus of trees and shrubs, and a few perennial herbs, in which the leaves are alternate, usually pinnate with numerous leaflets, and with stipules. The flowers are held in terminal racemes or leafy panicles. They are irregular, with the lateral petals enclosed by the upright petal when in bud, and white, yellow, or blue-violet in colour. The calyx is composed of 5 fused sepals with short teeth. The 5 petals are held with the 2 lower ones partly fused, the 2 lateral and 1 upright standard. There are 10 free stamens. There is a single carpel, and the ovary is superior, with numerous ovules. The fruit is a fleshy or woody pod, which is often indehiscent. The seeds have thick cotyledons. The timber of the tree species is especially hard and strong (e.g. S. tetraptera (kowhai) of New Zealand and Chile is used for bearings in machines, as well as for ornamental purposes). Dye is obtained from S. japonica. There are 52 species, found in all tropical and temperate regions, particularly in Asia and America.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Sophora." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Aug. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Sophora." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 17, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sophora

"Sophora." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Retrieved August 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sophora

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.