local wind Air movements, generally of limited geographical range, characteristic of a particular region and/or area of particular land and atmospheric configuration. Many local winds are especially associated with orographic peculiarities or with particular high- or low-pressure systems, and local names may be applied to winds of a broad, general type. Examples include the föhn winds, of orographic origin, and the many regional winds of the Mediterranean area, whose origins lie in the tropical continental air masses of the Sahara.
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