Carnall, Rudolf von
Carnall, Rudolf von
(b. Glatz, Germany [now Klodzko, Poland], 9 February 1804; d. Breslau, Germany [now Wroclaw, Poland], 17 November 1874),
Carnall was trained to be a Prussian civil mining engineer. After working underground for one year in various mines, he studied in Berlin; he then wasappointed Bergassessor to Upper Silesia, where he lectured on mining science at the Bergschule at Tarnowitz. In 1845 he went to Bonn as Oberbergrat, and soon afterward returned to Berlin, where with Leopold von Buch and Gustav Rose, he initiated the Deutsche Geologische Gesellschaft. As an administrative officer of the mining department he was in charge of the Prussian Knappschaftsordnung, which regulations still govern much of the German mining industry. He simultaneously lectured at the University of Berlin until 1855, when he took the Ph.D. there. In 1854 he became a Referent in the Prussian ministry of commerce and in 1855 was promoted to Berghauptmann.
His scientific work was diverse. He founded the official German mining journal, which (until 1945) published important papers on administrative, technical, mining, and geological problems. His scientific publications include Der bergmannische Streb hau auf der Bleierzgrube Friedrich bei Tarnowitz; “Geognostische Beschreibung von einem Teil des Nieder- undOberse hlesischen Gebirges,” a geognostic description of a part of the mountains of Lower and Upper Silesia, which was published in Karstens Archiv fur Mineralogie; Oeognostischer Vergleich zwischen Niederund Oberschlesischen Gebirgsformationen, a geognostical comparison between the Lower and Upper Silesian formations; and Sprunge im Steinkohlenge birge (1835), which dealt with faults in the Carboniferous era. Heinrich Rose named the mineral carnallite after him.
"Carnall, Rudolf von." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 17, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/carnall-rudolf-von
"Carnall, Rudolf von." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. . Retrieved January 17, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/carnall-rudolf-von
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.