pyrimidine

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pyrimidine (pīrĬm´Ĭdēn´), type of organic base found in certain coenzymes and in the nucleic acids of plant and animal tissue. The three major pyrimidines of almost universal distribution in living systems are cytosine, thymine, and uracil.

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pyrimidine A basic, 6-membered heterocyclic compound. The principal pyrimidines (uracil, thymine, and cytosine) are important constituents of nucleic acids. Thiamine (vitamin B1) is an important pyrimidine derivative, and other derivatives play major roles in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism.

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pyrimidine An organic nitrogenous base (see formula), sparingly soluble in water, that gives rise to a group of biologically important derivatives, notably uracil, thymine, and cytosine, which occur in nucleotides and nucleic acids (DNA and RNA).

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pyrimidine A basic, six-membered, heterocyclic compound; the principal pyrimidines (uracil, thymine, and cytosine) are important constituents of nucleic acids. Thiamine (vitamin B1) is an important pyrimidine derivative, and other derivatives play major roles in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism.

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pyrimidine A nitrogen base composed of a single, six-membered ring structure. The pyrimidine bases in the nucleotides of nucleic acids are cytosine and thymine in DNA and cytosine and uracil in RNA.

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pyrimidine (pi-rim-i-deen) n. a nitrogen-containing compound with a ring molecular structure. The commonest pyrimidines are cytosine, thymine, and uracil, which form the nucleotides of nucleic acids.