- Babel where God confounded speech of mankind. [O.T.: Genesis 11:7–9]
- bedlam from Hospital of St. Mary of Bethlehem, former English insane asylum. [Br. Folklore: Jobes, 193]
- Cia amnesia victim whose identity becomes doubtful when the same identity is claimed by an insane woman. [Ital. Drama: Pirandello As You Desire Me in Sobel, 35]
- Comedy of Errors, The two pairs of identical twins wreak social havoc in Ephesus. [Br. Drama: Shakespeare The Comedy of Errors ]
- Corybantes half-divine priests of Cybele; celebrated noisy festivals in her honor. [Gk. Myth.: Howe, 67]
- Jude “the other Judas, not Iscariot.” [N.T.: John 14:22]
- Labyrinth maze at Knossos where Minotaur lived. [Gk. Myth.: Hall, 185]
- Pandemonium Milton’s capital of the devils. [Br. Lit.: Paradise Lost ]
- Pantagruelian Law Case not understanding the defense, judge gives incomprehensible verdict. [Fr. Lit.: Pantagruel ]
- Serbonian Bog Egyptian morass, “where armies whole have sunk.” [Br. Lit.: Paradise Lost ]
- Star-Splitter, The “We’ve looked and looked, but after all where are we?” [Am. Lit.: “The Star-Splitter” in Hart, 799]
con·fu·sion / kənˈfyoōzhən/ • n. 1. lack of understanding; uncertainty: there seems to be some confusion about which system does what. ∎ a situation of panic; a breakdown of order: the shaken survivors retreated in confusion. ∎ a disorderly jumble: all I can see is a confusion of brown cardboard boxes. 2. the state of being bewildered or unclear in one's mind about something: she looked about her in confusion. ∎ the mistaking of one person or thing for another: there is some confusion between “unlawful” and “illegal.”
The combination or mixture of two things; the process of commingling.
Confusion has been used synonymously with merger, meaning a union of two separate entities that eliminates clear boundaries. Confusion of rights, for example, is a combination of the rights of debtor and creditor in the same individual. Similarly, a confusion of titles exists when two titles to the same property combine in the same person. A confusion of debts is a method of eliminating a debt or canceling it. This may occur, for example, upon the death of a creditor when the debtor is the creditor's heir.