Skip to main content

Toback, James


TOBACK, JAMES (1944– ), U.S. writer, screenwriter-director, and producer. Born in New York City, Toback was educated at Harvard University (A.B., 1966) and Columbia University (M.A., 1967). He served as an instructor in English at the City College of the City University of New York and wrote jim: The Author's Self-Centered Memoir on the Great Jim Brown (1971). He was also the author of a sports column appearing in Lifestyle, a film critic for Dissent; and contributed articles to numerous magazines, including Esquire, Sport, the Village Voice, Harper's, and Commentary. Toback wrote the screenplays for The Gambler (1974) and Bugsy (1991) and was the writer and director for Fingers (1978), Love and Money (1982), Exposed (1983), The Pick-Up Artist (1987), The Big Bang (1989); Two Girls and a Guy (1997), Black & White (1999), Love in Paris (1999), Harvard Man (2001), and When Will I Be Loved (2004). Subsequently he wrote the screenplay for the French remake of his film Fingers, translated into English as The Beat That My Heart Skipped (2005).

[Amy Handelsman (2nd ed.)]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Toback, James." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 23 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Toback, James." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (February 23, 2019).

"Toback, James." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved February 23, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.